Tips For Trekking in the Mountains

  • Mandipa Itani
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What are the basic tips for trekkers who don't have any experience?

This crossing might cross your mind while planning the trip in Himalayan Nepal to make your trip easy I have come with the answer to all your question you are confused with. To be clear about it read the articles below:
You should know that trekking in the mountains is not like walking in the city or exploring the park. There are many things that you have to be prepared yourself before going, to improve your experience, strength whether you can go for full trekking.
 But also you don't need to be like Sir Edmund Hillary or Pasang Lamu Sherpa to experience the Himalayan Mountains. In fact whatever your ages, experience, or ability everyone can hike the Himalayan. However, the Himalayan countries have a very unique culture, different beliefs, languages, different flora and fauna, food and customs, and many more. 
 Just you should be prepared for both before and while trekking in the Himalayan to grab the best from the visit.

Nepal Trekking- Annapurna Circuit

Before you trek the mountains

Trekking the mountains without any preparation can lead you to disaster. So please read the tips below before trekking in the Himalayas. 

1.  A short hike in the Hills:

Trekking in the mountains demands any days walking which ranges from 4-8 hours depending upon the trekking routes and the distance up to 10 km per day. The key is to increase your walking strength.
Walking for 3-6 months before trekking in the Himalayan adventure to the hills on your own. Like practising walking with a day pack, starting with the 2-3 hours hike in the nearby hills. Build your fitness. You can also increase the times and the distance covered by hiking the multiple day trips. 
Also, you can increase your strength by doing other sports activities like running, football, yoga. Visiting gyms to build muscles and endurance for the hard climbs in the trek.

 2. Carry the strong and comfortable pairs of trekking boots:

As you start walking in the Himalayas, you may not get the break for your boots.
Your walk is all about your boots as nothing is more debilitating than a blister on your foot. Before you go for the trek, choose a strong and comfortable pair of boots, that fit you properly, as during these days you will spend a lot of time in them rather than other things.
While buying the shoes for trekking, it's a good idea to bring a pair of warm hiking socks with it. Wear it in your house, while walking so that it can be easy and comfortable while using during hiking.

 3. Pack everything you need:

 While planning the trip for more than a week, everyone gets confused about what to pack and what not to. It's common if this question crossed your mind too. You may see everything you need in different aspects and packed as you like. For example, packing 10 t-shirts and your hairdryer that you can't just live behind. But stop right here! And think twice. The essential elements to trekking in the Himalayas is to pack lightly and keep the item very minimum.
You may be thinking of using the services of the mountain porter to carry your luggage but the reality is you probably won't need it.
If you are still confused about what to pack and what not to. There here I have listed some certain items that you shouldn't miss while trekking in the Himalayan. Please check the list below and pack accordingly.
 
Travelling bags:

  • Day Packs
  • Duffer Bags
  • And Puck bags with waterproof covers

Head:

  • Sunglasses
  • Woollen hat
  • Sun Hat
  • Scarf
  • Headlight

Upper body:

  • Light T-shirt
  • Waterproof jackets
  • Thermal Vest
  • Lightweight thermal tops
  • Fleece Jackets
  • Pullover
  • Women sports bra, synthetic

Lower body:

  • Fleece pants
  • Waterproof shell pants
  • Lightweight walking pants
  •  Hiking short
  • Undergarments

 Handwear:

  • Lightweight fleece gloves
  •  Heavyweight gloves
  •   Water and windproof gloves

Footwear:

  • Hiking boots
  • Camp sandals
  • Pair of walking poles
  • Thick warm wool hiking socks
  • The inner socks.

 Other accessories:

  • Sunscreen
  •  First Kids
  • Sleeping bags
  • Pillowcase and other night accessories
  • Water purifiers
  • Hand sanitisers
  • Towel
  • Wet wipes
  • toiletries

 4Way of greeting:

One of the great aspects of trekking in the Himalayan is experiencing a unique mountain culture. Before trekking to the mountains, you need to read about the place you are going to explore and the culture and norms of the region you will visit. Many Himalayan communities are very conservative and very friendly too but also they would not want to unintentionally offend.
So you should be quite prepared before trekking here. For example, while walking a prayer wheel always try to walk from clockwise. Learning key phrases like the simple greeting word "Nameste" in Nepal will help your day pass with very pleasant and beautiful.

Tips while trekking in the Himalayas

You head to the mountains and are on the trail. These tips for trekking in the Himalayas will help you to keep safe and healthy.

1. Hydrate your body:

While trekking in the high altitude, it's very essential to keep your body hydrated. Trekking at a high altitude your body gets dehydrates as fast as if you were close to sea level. So it's very essential to drink a lot of water.
If you are listening to me, then in the Himalayan I would recommend you drink a minimum of 2-3 litres per day. It not only helps to increase your energy level but also helps to reduce the chances of altitude sickness.
Carrying your water bottle and water purification tablets will help to make undrinkable water safe. 

2. Protect your skins:

With the crips mountains fresh air, it is all too easy to forget about your skin protection. But remember that at the high altitude, the sun's ray can be more powerful while hiking in the Himalayas than a day you spend on the beach. Remember to use a scarf or hat during the day and sunglasses and sunscreen to protect your skins.

3. Try to dress in layers:

The weather in the mountains can change at any time. While trekking people think to bring the windproof outer-shells but they completely forget the layering system.
At the high altitude, the weather is very fickle but also you will be working hard, as there are lots of obstacles and challenges. The key point is to dress in light, moisture-wicking layers so that you can easily put on and take off your clothes as per the weather of the day. So be careful while dressing at a high altitude.

4.Don't miss out on anything:

It's always better to explore the places when you have the time. It is not like you will also have the time and the budgets to trek for the same place multiple times so it's always better to visit the place once without missing anything around.
Trekking in the mountains is a great privilege. One can be lost in the beauty of the mountains and nature. The diverse array of flora and fauna, the stunning mountain scenery, and breathtaking nature. You can also follow the famous saying "take nothing but pictures, leave nothing but footprints".

5. Altitude sickness:

While trekking in the mountains, never forget or neglect altitude sickness. The Himalayas is the home of the world's iconic snow-capped mountains-Mt Everest (the world highest mountains standing 8848 meters above the snow-level. While trekking in the Himalayan region you probably will be in the high altitude for long periods.
Altitude sickness can affect anyone, no matter their age, fitness level, and ability. Many times we can see the fitness people suffer from altitude sickness compared to the less one. But following some measures precaution, knowing about the symptoms of the sickness, its risks, and many more can help you a lot.
Trekking in the high altitude region, you can expect this sickness to stick but always stay aware.
The symptoms of altitude sickness can vary but some common seen are:

•         Vomiting
•         Dizziness
•         Loss of appetite
•         Nausea
•         Loss of breath
•         Difficult in sleeping
 
The most important rule to flow while trekking to the high altitude is to walk slowly. Don't try to rush. pay close attention to how you are feeling. If you discover some symptoms then quickly inform your guide or trekking partner so they can give your First-Aid, or takes you to the medical nearby if it's an emergency. 

6. Be friendly:

As above I have said, to do some research in the culture of the Locals in the Himalayan region before you hike but you have to accept it when you reach there. If you are impersonal, then don't try the local foods or respect the beliefs, if you do it then you will find fewer people and less good experience. be yourself to enjoy the fullest.
It is also more important to follow the give and takes principle with the locals. The local people are very warm and friendly, but you also should be warm and friendly with them in return.

7. Stop and smell nature:

The most important tips while trekking in the mountains is to take your time to explore and don't rush it. The Mountain region is the place to stop, explore, view, enjoy and smell nature and the moment.

Most Frequently asked questions for trekking in mountains?

You may have lots of questions crossing your mind about Trekking in Nepal? Maybe you are confusing when to trek, which trek to do? And many more so here we have some common and frequently asked questions about trekking in mountains. You may have the same question. 
Hope this can help you a lot when planning the trip to the Himalayan.

What is trekking in the Himalayas, Nepal like?

Nepal, a country with massive mountains and hills covering the area. Trekking in Nepal goes to the mountains. Walking through the dense forest in the hilly region to the world's highest snow-capped mountains means traversing the trail that meanders up and down the mountains. So when planning a trekking destination in Nepal you need enough walk experience.

Is trekking hiking/climbing?

 Well, there is a difference between trekking, climbing, and hiking. Hiking is a short walking adventure with continuous and finishes on the same day without a night stay. While trekking is multiple days walking with overnight stays.
And climbing is a technical activity that requires the good skills of climbing the snowy mountains.

How difficult is it to trek in Nepal?

It is the most asked question about Nepal. let me answer you this, even the easiest trekking may feel difficult for some people. But, trekking here is categorized as easy to strenuous depending upon the duration, altitude, and terrain. You can ask your trekking agency about the difficulty of the trek you are planning to do.

When is the best time to trek in Nepal?

 When planning trekking in Nepal, people always get confused while peaking the right time to trek. if you are not planning to trek at the high altitude, you can trek anytime throughout the year. But you should peak the season while trekking in the high altitude. The best time to trek in Nepal is during the spring and autumn season. spring season is the clear and good weather throughout the day with a pretty warm temperature while the autumn season is also the best time as the day is very nice and cool to trek. The spring season comes right after the winter season and the autumn season comes right after the moon season.
The summer season gets the heavy rainfalls, the route in the high altitude gets slippery and has to face many obstacles and in the winter season, day and night are very cold and foggy weather in the altitude so these two-season may not be suitable to travel in the certain area. However, you can discuss with your trekking agency to choose the best time to visit Nepal.

How important fitness is while trekking in mountains?

Fitness is a very important aspect of trekking in the mountains. You must be physically and mentally healthy to trek for the days in the mountains.  Work out and the short hike before the trek can be very helpful while walking in the altitude reduces the chances of altitude sickness. Working to increase strength is a very important thing. If you are in good condition, you can enjoy every walk in the altitude, Nepal. A low level of physical health can put you in many difficulties, increase the risks of altitude sickness. So you need to have good physical fitness to trek in the mountains.

How many hours should I have to walk daily?

The walking hours depend upon the trekking route you choose.  If you are planning to trek one of these treks including Everest Base Camp, Annapurna Base Camp, Annapurna Circuit Trek, Manaslu Trekking you have to walk 5-6 hours on average. But the duration depends upon the terrace and the altitude of the trek. During the trekking days, you will have enough time to rest, acclimatize and explore the area you are in.

Is trekking for all age groups of travellers?

Well. People having old people and children may get confused about where you can trek with them or not. Then lets me answer this, Trekking in Nepal is suitable for all age groups. Trekking here can be fun for both children and old people just you have to choose the trek based on the difficulty level. For the children and old people, you need to be extra careful in the high altitude region. But you can solve this problem by customizing enough rest and acclimatization days.
Trekking with the children and old people, you can option Ghorepani Poon Hill Trek, it is one of the popular, short, and easy treks in Nepal suitable for all age group.

How much budget should I carry for trekking in Nepal?

In a general, the amount estimate per person on average is around $25 for trekking in Nepal. the food and the accommodation cost around $2-$3 per bed, which also includes the food cost provide in the tea house in the altitude region.
But this cost doesn't cover the hot water shower and recharging gadget, it might cost you a couple of bucks extra. If you are a budget traveller then you must carry around $15 but overlay to enjoy the fullest in the trek, carrying around $25 would be enough.

Any ATM services on the way to the trekking routes?

Well, trekking in the high altitude region, there is very hard to find ATM services and other modern facilities. The last ATM during the trek, you can see in Lukla and Namche Bazaar if you are trekking the Everest Base Camp Region. So it's better to use the ATM in Kathmandu and Pokhara and carrying the necessary cash you need in the trek.

How many tips should we give to the guide and porter?

The unwritten but popularly followed rules are to tips to the guide and porter you hire. It is good if you tip 15 per cent of the total cost you spent trekking. if you are trekking solo, then prepared to tips $5 per day for the guide and around $2 to $3per day to the porter.
For the group trekkers, you can tip $10 per day to the guide and $5 per day for the porter. You can also tips as you wished based on the services provided.
 
 Hope you found the tips for trekking in mountains useful. If you know more about trekking in the mountains then you can contact us: nepalhikingtrek@gmail.com

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