According to your day tour, you will explore the following famous Temples:
Exploring the Kathmandu valley sightseeing tour you will see the peace and the prayer on the beautiful hilltop, Swyambhuntah in the northwest of the Kathmandu valley. This temple is also known as the "Monkey Temple" since the 1970s. From the hilltop of the Swyombhuynath, you can enjoy the panoramic views of the whole Kathmandu valley. This stupa has stood as the faith and harmony for the centuries with both Hindu and Buddhist sites.
It is said that the Glory of the Kathmandu Valley was started from this point.
Located at the hilltop, Swyombhunath is one of the holiest Buddhist stupas in Nepal. It is said that this temple is evolved when the valley was created out of the Lakes 2000 years ago. This stupa is one of the oldest in Nepal and has many numerous shrines and monasteries on its premises.
The world Swyombhuntha literally means "self-existent one" and it is believed that it was built by King Mahendra around 460 AD (13th century). From that this stupa has become an important center of Buddhism and also it is said that Swyombhunath was born out of the lots of bloomed lotus flower in the middle of the lake and later that was spread across the Kathmandu valley once. The large images of Sakyamuni Buddha on the south-west boundary of Swyambhunath beside the Ring Road. Behind the hilltop, you will also see the temple which dedicates to the Saraswati-the Goddess of the learning. The beautiful stupas, statues, shrines and the Chaityas of the Buddhist and the Hindu deities make this stupa complex filled. The base of the hill is almost covered by the prayers deities. The devotes can be seen walking the stupa at all times.
The complex of the Swyombhunath stupa consists of a variety of the shrines and the temples, and some of them are dating back to the Licchavi periods. And recently the Tibetan monastery, museums, and the library are added.
This stupa consists of a dome at its base, above which it has a cubical structure painted with and the stupa has a large pair of the eyes on each of the four sides of the main stupa which symbolize the wisdom and Compassion. Above each pair of the eye, you can see there is another eye which is also called as third eyes. It is said that these third eyes emanate cosmic rays when Buddha preaches which acts as a message to the heavenly beings and beings below the human realm cannot come to the earth to listen to the Buddha's teaching and also the cosmic rays relieve their suffering when the Buddha preaches. This third eye is also called the Wisdom eyes, a curly symbol, symbolizing the nose which looks like a question marks, which is a Nepali sign of figuring the number one. This sign represents the unity of all the things existing in the world as well as the only paths to enlightenment through the teaching of Buddha and you can also see there presents the toran above each of the four sides. Behind and above the toran you can see the thirteen tiers, above all the tiers there is small space above where the Gajur is present. This stupa has many artifacts inside it.
While visiting this stupa you can also see many shops, restaurants, and hotels. This beautiful site has the two access points: one is a long staircase leading directly to the main platform of the temple. Walking the steep stone steps that lead up to the shrine is quite challenging- which lies in the east side, However, there is also a road going up almost at the top form where it is short to walk which is known as a south-west entrance. Taking this route gives you many memories and beautiful experience as while entering you will see the three big statuses of Lord-Buddha, walking through the hillside, with little disturbance of the monkey give little glory and memories.
This beautiful shrine is the best place to observe the religious harmony in Nepal. this place is always crowded but the largest crowds of the people here are seen on the Buddha's birthday which usually falls in May.
Taking an early morning or the evening stroll around the white dome, observing the devote people walking around the Stupa, light a little butter lamp, say a little prayers, from around, enjoy the view from the rooftop of the restaurants with a cup of hot coffee make your walk fruitful as Buddha is always full of life.
Situated at the center of the 8 km to the east of the downtown Kathmandu valley, Boudhnath is one of the UNESCO world heritage sites and one of the most beautiful landmarks in Kathmandu. Boudhnath will be visible as soon as you landed at the Tribhuvan Internation airport and are heading to your hotel, it is the largest stupa in the Kathmandu Valley.
The unique and the great stupa is known as the Boudha or Boudhnath and also called as the Jharung Khashor. This great Boudhnatth is one of the most ancient, largest and magnificent stupas in the world and also the most important places of the pilgrimage and worship for Buddhists all over the world. this beautiful and unique symbolizes the mind of all the Buddhas. It is believed that whoever prostrates and around the stupa with a pure heart at the great stupa creates good karma resulting in the fulfillment of all your wishes. It is believed that the gates of hell and the rebirth in the lower realms are closed to them. The power of the great stupa and the compassionate blessing are beyond the imagination and conception of all the beings.
Taking about the structure of the buddha it is around 36 meters high, massive and it dominates the skyline in the area. With the many countless monasteries around the stupa, Boudhnath is the center of Tibetan Buddhism in Nepal.
Built-in the shape of a mandala designed, the stupa replicate te Gyangtse of the Tibet. The stupa was built by the Lichhavi rules in the 8th century. The location of the stupa is very interesting as it was the ancient trade route if the Tibet. Boudhnath is one of the major pilgrimage sites for Buddhists from all around the world.
On each side, you will see the Buddha's eyes as it is symbolizing the awareness.
For the centuries of years, the Boudhanath has been a very important place for the pilgrimages for the local Buddhists as well as Tibetan. This beautiful stupa is located in a major trade route between Nepal and Tibet and many traveling merchants used it as a resting place. This stupa is not only famous for the locals but also is a popular tourist site. In around 1979, Boudhanath stupa was listed in the UNESCO world heritage sites. The beautiful stupa of the Boudhnath is the focal point of the district. Exploring this stupa you will see at least 29 Tibetan Gompas around the Boudhnath. The culture you will see here is a high influence of Himalayan with a strong presence of the Tibetan and the Sherpa as the evidence you can see the number of the restaurants selling momos, Thukpa and other Tibetan dishes and favorites around.
You can also see many Tibetan Buddhist monks and nuns walking around the Boudha, especial;y at the stupa. As a daily ritual, you will also see the many people walking around three or more times around the stupa with repeating the mantra either quietly or aloud. During the days of the full moon and its surrounding, the air is often thinking and the number of people visiting the Stupa increase along with their mantras and prayers. Nowadays, Boudha becomes very fascinating and very spiritual area.
The First stupa at the Boudhnath was built around 600 AD, when the Tibetan king, converted to Buddhism. In the term of choosing the grace and the purity of the line, no other stupa comes close to the Boudhnath in Nepal.
According to the legend, the king constructed the stupa as the act of penance after unwittingly killing his father. The first stupa was cracked during the Mughal in the 14th century, so the current stupa is a recent construction.
The high and the symbolic construction of the Boudha serves in the three-dimensional reminder of the Buddha,s path towards enlightenment. The plinth represents earth, the Dome is water, the harmonica (square tower) is the fire, the spire is air and the umbrella at the top is the void. The 13 level of the spire represents the stages that human beings must pass through to achieve nirvana.
Dedicated to Lord Shiva, Pashupatinath temples is one of the most important sites in Asia which devotes for the lord Shiva. The Pashupatinath Temple is the famous Hindu temple and is located on the banks of the holy Bagmati River lies around 5 km north-east of the Kathmandu and eastern part of the Kathmandu valley-the capital of Nepal. The temple is known as the Pashupatinath and the temple complex is listed in the UNESCO world heritage sites in 1979. Exploring these places you can see many Ashrams, images, temples, and inscription which are raised over the centuries along the bank of the sacred Bagmati Nepal. these temples are also listed as one of the seven unique monuments group in UNESCO's designation of the Kathmandu valley.
This temple was built around the 5th century and later renovated during the Malla King. The largest temple complex in Nepal, it stretches on both sides of the Bagmati River which is considered holy by the Hindus. The main temples are built in pagoda style and have a gilded roof, its all four sides are covered with silver and have the unique wood carving. These temples dedicate to the several Hindus and Buddhist deities which are surrounding around the Pashupatinath temple
Pashupatinath Temple is the famous temple that was built by the Lichhavi King around the 5th century and renovated by the Malla king. Over time many more temples have been built around this- two-storied temples. This includes the Vaishnava temple complex with a Rama temple from 14 century and also includes the Guhyeshwori Temple which was mentioned in the 11-century manuscript.
In this temple, the cremation of the Hindus takes place on the platforms along the rivers. So for this only Hindus are allowed to enter through the gates of the main temples. While entering you will see Shiva Lingam and facing the temple you will see the largest statue of the Nandi the bull-the vehicle of Lord Shiva.
Heading east before the Bagmati reaches the Pashupati is the temple of the Guheshwori which dedicate to Shiva's consort, Sati Devi.
The biggest festival Maha Shivaratri festival in the spring attracts thousands of devotees from both Nepal and India.
Visit the Pashupatinath temple for the mix-matched culture, religions and spiritual experience. located on the banks of the Bagmati Rivers, you can also explore the Deupatan, Gaurighat-a holy baths, Kutumbahal, Gaushala, Pingalasthan, and Sleshmantak forest and you can see around 429 temples, 15 Shivalayas, and 12 Jyotirlinga to explore and collect memories.
You can see numerous religious building is located on the eastern bank of the Bagmati River, most of them are devotes to Shiva. The majority of the building is single as well small constructed from the stone. From the outside, they are reminding crypts, but in reality, these are sacral buildings designed for holding the symbol of the deity Shiva. You can see Lingams can be found all over the complex.
Another culturally socking thing you can see while exploring Pashupatinath temple is the beautiful images of the local women washing her clothes downstream of the river. You can see the water of the Bagmati is not clear as it contains the animal's fat because of the ashes of cremated Shiva Followers and easily washes the dirt from the linen and it is believed that this is how the soap was invented.
Lord Shiva is considered as the patrons of the animals and all living organisms, so you can see monkeys and deers are wandering all around the temple complex on both banks of the Bagmati. And as we know Monkey is often unfriendly, they beg for the food, snatch things while being careless tourists and also some times can be dangerous so before exploring this temple make sure to be good with them.
Kathmandu Durbar Square
Kathmandu Durbar Square- also know as the Hanuman Dhoka square is one of the major attractions of the Kathmandu valley and also listed in the UNESCO world heritage Sites. Most of the cultural sites of Nepal are concentrated around the Kathmandu Vally and are the center, among those cultures, Kathamndu Durbar Square is an important one of them. The name Hanuman Dhoka Durbar came from the beautiful statue of Hanuman which you can see at the entrance of the royal palace which was established by the King Pratap Malla during 1672 AD. Later there added some temple by the King Prithvi Narayan Shah in 1770 AD and it is named as Basantapur Durbar. Due to being in the ancient city in Kathmandu you can see it is surrounded by both Hindu and Buddhist Temple and also most of them are built in the pagoda style with intricately carved in outside. Here you can see most of the building was built around 15th to 18th century. The Durbar square with the ancient temple, old palaces shows the religious and cultural life of the ancient people and also attract the many visitors here.
As we mentioned above, Kathmandu's Durbar Square is also known as the site of the Hanuman Dhoka Palace complex, which was the king's resident until the 19th century and also the important ceremony, party and other Coronation of the Nepalese monarch took place. You can see the palace is decorated with the carved wooden windows and the houses with the King Tribhuvan Memorial museum and Mahendra museum. If you want it is possible to visit the rooms inside the palace.
Time and again the temples and the palaces have gone through the reconstruction after being damaged by the natural disaster or by being neglect. Presently explore this area you will see less than 10 quadrangles in this square. The temples are being preserved as the national heritage sites and the palaces are being used as the museum. Only a few parts of the palace are open for the visitors and few temple-like Taleju temples are open for the people of Hindu and Buddhist faiths.
The southern end of Kathmandu Durbar Square is one of the most curious attractions of this palace in Nepal as it is known as the Kumari Chowk. This gilded cage contains the Raj kumara- which is also known as "The Living Goddess", a girl chosen through the ancient and the mystical selection process to become the Hindu Mother Goddess, Durga. You can only see her in the Indra Jatra as during this time she takes a tour of the city during this festival, during this festival she is carried around from place to place in her chariot. She also makes the public appearance during the other few festivals otherwise the interested devotees can visit and worship here by paying to her guards. It is said that doom is upon you if she refuses to let you worship her.
The major highlights of exploring the Kathmandu Durbar Square are visiting the beautiful temple of Kastha Mandap, Maru Ganesh Temple, Mahadev Temple, Shiva Parvati Temple, Bhagwati Temple, Old Palace, Saraswati Temple, Krishna Octangular Temple, Jagannath Temple, Taleju temple and many more others.
The Kathmandu Durbar square is actually made up of two sub-area. You can see the outer complex of the numerous temple are including Kasthamandap, Shiva-Parvati, Jagannath temple, Big Bell, etc, while the inner complex contains the old palace area, Hanuman-Dhoka and it courtyards like Nasla Choke, Mul Choke, Kumari Chowk, Sundari-Chowk, Basantapura Durbar, and many others.
Besides these beautiful and magnificent temples and shrines, exploring the Kathmandu Durbar Square, it has also other interesting aspects like exploring the various festivals, cultural activities and the traditional people who are following from he centuries are presented in the Durbar Square. The major festival which is celebrated in this Durbar Square includes the Indrajatar, Dashain, Gaaijatar, Machchhindra-Nath Jatra and many more. These are the occasion when the people from the whole city living their daily works gather here to mark their centuries-old traditions. All the carving and the architecture in this area arse very beautiful and exceptionally good which makes the architecture in this Kathmandu Duare Square(Hanuman Dhoka Square) among the most important sights for the visitors.
Patan Durbar Square
Patan Durbar Square is located in the Lalitpur City which is only around 30 minutes' drive from Kathmandu City. it is one of the three main royal Durbar Square in the Kathmandu Valley. Patan Durbar Square is a royal region of the ancient Patan region which is now lying in the Lalitpur and is listed in the UNESCO world heritage sites.
Though among the three Royal Durbar Square-Kathmandu Durbar Square, Bhaktapur Durbar Square, Patan Durbar Square, Patan Durbar Square is the smallest of all the Durbar Square it is the most beautiful of all the durbar Square. Exploring this Durbar Square it is not hard to see the square crammed with the exquisite temples.
Patan Durbar Square is considered to be very beautiful as well as the prosperous city of the ancient periods. Though there are no clear facts about its origin, it is believed that the royal square was built by the Malla Kings of Lalitpur. It is also known that the site is an ancient crossroads. It is also believed that the Pradhanas who had settled around the site before the Mallas, have a strong connection with this royal square. There is also a hint that the Thakuri Dynasty built a palace reform to the square but there is just a little evidence about that. It is said that the Patan was the prosperous city science the ancient times.
However, the Malla Kings made important changes to the square. You can see the most of the architecture was built during the 1600s, which was constructed during the reign of King Siddhi Nar Singh Malla and his son Srinivasa Sukriti. Some of the Malla kings who have renovated and improved the structure of the square are Purandara Simha, Shivasimha Malla, and Yoganarendra Malla. It is the center of both Hinduism and Buddhism which includes the 136 courtyard and 55 major temples to explore around.
Major temples to explore around the Patan Durbar Square are:
Krishna Mandir is one of the most important temples in the Patan Durbar Square which was built was built in the unique Local variety of Shikhara style which is also called Granthakuta. The stone carving along the beam above the first and the second-floor pillar is very beautiful and also the first-floor craving narrates the events f the Mahabharata, while the second-floor pillar is the carving from the Ramayana.
The Temple was built by King Siddhi Narsinga Malla in around 1667 AD. There is the saying that the king saw Lord Krishna and Radha standing in front of the royal palace, then he ordered to build on the same spot. You can see there are 21 golden pinnacles in the temple and below the pinnacles, there are three stories as the first floor holds the shrine of Lord Krishna and Shrines of Radha, Rukmini at each side. The second floor dedicated to the lord shiva and the lord to the Lokeshwor.
This temple is a crowd and is pilgrimage sites of the Hindus.
Bhimsen temple is also one of the most beautiful and important in this royal square which was built by Srinivasa Malla around 1680 and is renowned for its three interconnected golden windows. You can head, Bhimsen is a great personality in the Mahabharat and known to be brave and strong. In Newari, he is traditionally worshipped as a god of business and trade. But tourists or visitors are not allowed to enter inside.
Vishwanath temple dedicated to Lord Shiva which was built in 1672 during the reign of the Siddh Narshing Malla. You can see the roof of the temples is decorated with erotic carving and the temple is guarded by the two stone elephants in the front of the entrance. On the other side of the temple is the sculpture of a bull which is known as the Shiva's Vehicle. You can also see the beautiful stone Linga inside the temple.
Taleju Bhawani Temple
Taleju Bhawani Temple was built by the Siddhi Narsingh Malla during 1640 and war renowned by Srinivasa Malla during 1667 after it was affected by the fire. This temple was the personal deity of the Malla kings. You can see the five-story temples with the triple of a fire. Somehow it is also believed that Taleju Temple was built by the Pradhanas before the Malla.
Bhaktapur Durbar Square
Bhaktapur Durbar Square is the royal palace in the ancient city Bhaktapur which lies on the 13 Km East of the Kathmandu Valley. It is one of the most beautiful Royal palaces among the Three Royal Palace of the Kathmandu City-Kathmandu Durbar Square, Patan Durbar Square, Patan Durbar Square. Bhaktapur Durbar Square as the preserve of the ancient traditional Nepali culture, customs and the unique arts of the wooden and potteries. While of the Bhaktapur Durbar Square consists of at least four distinct square- Durbar Square, Taumadhi Square, Dattatreya Square, and Pottery Square and the whole area is known as the Bhaktpur Durbar Square and is highly visited site in the Kathmandu Valley.
The historical monuments around the royal palace show the ancient culture ad tradition of Nepal. Bhaktapur is the old city which is indigenous Newari people in the large group, it means exploring this place gives you the chance to know more about the beautiful Newari culture.
The major attractive monuments of the Bhaktapur Durbar Square are exploring the Nyatapole Temple, Statue of King Bhupatindra Malla, Peacock Window, Golden Gate and fifty-Five windowed palace of the Bhaktapur Durbar Square.
The major attraction of the Bhaktapur Durbar Square are:
55 window Palace:
The Palace of the 55 windows was built during the reign of the Malla King Bhupendra Mall who ruled around 28 years from 1696 AD to 1722AD but it was not completed during his reigning time but it was completed in 1754 AD during the reign of his son. Made with the bricks walls and with a unique sculptural design, it is a balcony of the fifty-five windows, and it is considered to be a unique masterpiece of the wood carving. 55 window palace is known as one of the oldest and the unique monuments present in Nepal.
Vatsala temple is the beautiful stone temple dedicated to goddess Vatsala Devi and includes the many magnificent carving. This temple is most famous for its silver bell, in local residents it is also known as the "bell of the barking dog" as it is believed that when it was rung, the dong in he vicinity barked and howled. It is believed that this bell was hung by the King Ranjit Mall during 1737 AD and this bell is always rung each and every morning when the goddess Taleji is worshipped. During the earthquake of April 2072, the temple got affected but the bell remains intact. Now, this temple is reconstructed.
The beautiful statue of Bhupatindra Malla
Exploring the Bhaktapur Temples you will see the beautiful statue of King Bhupatindra Malla which acts of worship can be seen on the column facing the royal palace. In this royal palace, you can see many statuses but among them, the statue of Bhupatindra Mall is considered to be the most beautiful and magnificent.
The golden gate is one of the most beautiful and said to be the rich specimen of its own king in this entire world. the door is carved with the figure of the Hindu goddess Kali and Garuda (mythical griffin) and attended by the two heavenly nymphs. It is decorated with the monster and other Hindu mythical creatures of the marvelous intricacy. Percy Brown, a famous English art critic, and Historian described the Golden Gate as "the most lovely pieces of art in the whole Kingdom; it is placed like a jewel and flashing the innumerable facets in the handsome setting of its surrounding royal palace. The gate was built by the King Ranjit Malla and it is the entrance to the main courtyard of the Palace of Fifty-Five windows.
Nayatapole is the Newari language which means five stories and the symbolic of the five basic elements. Nayatapole temple is the highest and the biggest pagoda of Nepal which was built with such architectural perfection and artistic beauty and it is said that the temple's foundation is made wider than its base. The temple is often open for the public people once in a year during the great festival of Hindu's-Dashain. This temple is dedicated to the goddess Shiddhilaxmi. You can also see the status which is lined up on the 2 sides of the staircase, they are built as guardians of the temples and the resting goddess which we can see in the five layers from the base of the Temple. And there is the popular saying about times as it took three generations to complete those temples and also is famously known as "Pancha Tale mandir".
The Bhaktapur Durbar proper houses the 55-window Palace which was constructed by the King Jitamitra Malla and lived in this royal palace until 1769 but now it is a national gallery. This royal palace is closed by the beautiful Golden Gate which leads you into the Mulchok court which is the home to the Taleju Temple. Like others, this temple in the main town of the Kathmandu valley, it is also dedicated to the goddess Taleju Bhawani and includes the shrines to the both the Taleju Bhawani and Kumari. Entrance to the temple for both locals and visitors is restricted and the living goddess strictly cannot be photographed.
The Durbar Square is surrounded by the beautiful and spectacular architecture and amazingly showcases the skills of the Newari artists and craftsmen over several countries and the Royal Bhaktapur Palace was originally situated at the Dattarayan square and was latterly mover to the present durbar square location.
Exploring to the present beautiful cultural heritages of the Kathmandu city is the best option to enjoy your short vacation, you can not only be quite far from your hometown but also you will get to learn more about the different environment and nature. You will also get a beautiful chance to learn more about the new culture and tradition, their lifestyle, their daily work, dresses and many more. Visiting the old heritage will also give you more information about the ancient lifestyle, their traditions, their arts, and skill. They can know more about the religions, their ancient history, the purpose of building this monument.
It is far better to visit and enjoy the Kathmandu Sightseeing Tour and hearing a thousand times from your family and friends. Kathmandu tour will be best for the one who has a very short vacation but wants to know more about the cultural heritage and know about ancient history. To fulfill your exploring interest Nepal Hiking Trek will support you, we will prepare the itinerary and the tour packages according to your interest.
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