Trekking in Nepal

  • Taralal Dharel ( Hari )
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With the eight of the top fourteen highest snow-capped mountain in the world and some of the most beautiful landscapes where you can only reach on your foot, trekking in Nepal is one of the most unique experiences of Asia.

Trekking is the most adventure and the popular activities in Nepal, you can see many trekkers in the street of the Kathmandu, Pokhara with the guide and many trekking agencies around the Thamel, organized tours and gear for the sales or rent.

You will get a huge variety of the options to trek and tour in Nepal which allows the popularity of many ages and the capabilities. However you can spend a year planning to enjoy the wild adventure to the lofty and peaceful place that only a few would dare to attempt, also you could arrive in Kathmandu with no plans, many trekking agencies will be always ready to help you to plan your trip.

Despite what many may understand, trekking in Nepal is not necessarily wandering through the wilderness. As they walk along the dense green forest of oak, pine and bamboo covered with the colorful rhododendrons bloom, well-marked trekking paths. If you are the extreme adventure lovers and travelers the try to discover the quite opposite route. While trekking in the high altitude you will see the hundreds of the local people passing through each day as they are carrying necessary foods and water and other necessaries goods to their tiny villages, along with the dozen of the fellow trekkers. Crossing through the tiny and charming villages will also give you good opportunities to enjoy the surrounding views and rest, either for a few time or the whole night. The unique and strong with Friendliness of the Nepalese people can also experience and witness as once you plan to trek in the hill tracks in Nepal.


Table of Content

It is the most confusing question everyone thinks while planning to trek in Nepal. When your Trekking in Nepal is which months to enjoy the adventure trekking in Nepal so we have listed here the season with their pro and festival you can celebrate.

Spring season

The months of the March, April and May fall-spring season. Spring season is characterized by the long day and the warmer temperature. It is the second popular time to trek and travel in Nepal, so you need a good plan n advance.

In this periods, Nepal's landscapes change its color in altitude from reds to white and pinks, the dry and light green forest also changes into the dark green, with the fresh environment and beauty, this makes the trekking in the higher altitude makes more relaxed and attractive.

The temperature in the upper hills and lower mountain ranges from 16 degrees Celsius to 23 degrees Celsius. May is the warmest month of the year but also bring the clouds and shower before the monsoon arrives.

During the spring season, it is generally warm at the lower altitude and also you will experience quite moderate at the higher altitude over the 4000 meters. This month offers you the mind-blowing views of the snow-capped mountains without any disturbance of the weather.

Spring season is the most beautiful season where every natural for a change, the dry forest and tree changes into green, the blooms rhododendrons make the forest very colorful. Walking through the green forest you can also listen to the chirping melody sounds of the birds.

Just winter had passed you also experience some occasional snow shower. In the early spring during the March months, you will see the weather likely to be steady.

Due to the best weather and times, almost all trekking trail is busy during these times, you will see the crowded trail and all the teahouse are at their fullest charge. It means trekking in these times you should be well prepared for the trekking plans, the advance of booking rooms in the teahouse, and many more things.

The average temperature in the spring season in the Everest Base Camp is 17 degrees Celsius with a maximum of 25 degrees Celsius during the sunny day and minimum -15 degrees Celsius in the morning and night above the 4000 meters.

Almost all popular trekking trail of the Everest Region and Annapurna region are suitable for trekking during this time.

Pros of trekking in the spring season are:

  • Warm weather and pleasant trekking condition during the day times.
  • Days are longer during the march and April, means good acclimatization and long hike.
  • Less chance of the flight cancellation in the Everest region.
  • A beautiful walk through the green forest covered with the blooms rhododendrons, enjoying the morning melody sounds of birds.
  • Fewer trekkers compared to the Autumn season means more chance to explore the remote corner of the Himalayan.
  • The snow that accumulated during the winter will melt away by April means clearing paths for the high mountain passes with a clear view.

Festival and events during the spring season

  • Nepalese New Year falls and celebrated during April.
  • Buddhist biggest festival Buddha Jayanti is celebrated in Lumbini and Kathmandu in April.
  • Ghode Jatra-the best entertaining Jatra is celebrated in Kathmandu in March.
  • Holi-the festival of Color is also celebrated across the cities and the street around Nepal in March.
  • The Dumji festival is celebrated in the Everest region in May.
  • The famous three days- Teji festival is celebrated in the Upper mustang. Here you can enjoy the dance of monks.

Summer season

Summer season is also known as the rainy or monsoon season in this time you will see the earth surfacing receiving a large number of rainfalls. The months of June, July and August.

The summer season in Nepal comes with high temperatures and uncomfortable conditions. The high mountain region is usually covered in the cloud and the lower trekking routes are generally muddy and slippery however, trekking in this season you will experience the glory of the Himalayan.

Due to the geographical diversity, some regions in the Himalayan lies in the rain shadow so it will be best to trek in this region like Annapurna and Mustang.

In the north of Nepal, these are the great Himalayan vista. And the Manag, Mustang, Dolpa and Annapurna region of Nepal lies in the rain shadow. So the summer is the best time to go trekking in these regions.

Due to Nepal's topography, rain in Nepal offers occurs at the night means resulting in clear and beautiful morning scenery. Offer clean and clear environments.

The excess rainfalls can provide you with plenty of the opportunity to enjoy the spectacular views of the rainfalls.

And also this period is perfect for the photographers, fewer trekkers mean quite a peace trekking trail and they can capture each and every moment without any disturbance. As in the higher valley blooms with the flower and the lush vegetation make this time perfect to capture all the natural beauty without any disturbances. With the benefit you will also face some challenges likes, heavy rainfalls mean high chances of the leeches and bugs in the forest so while trekking in the rainy season makes sure to carry some lotion to prevent these.

Pros for Trekking in the summer season

  • Low chance of altitude sickness compared to the other season because of the summer.
  • Quite less chance of avalanches
  • Less number of travelers and trekkers on the trial it means you will get a beautiful chance for more intimacy and peace with nature.
  • Mind-blowing views of the snow-capped mountains with a clean and clear sky.

Festival and Events during the summer

  • Paddy plantation day (Ropai Jatra) is celebrated in June in all around the world.
  • Nag Panchami and Jania Purnima festivals fall in July.
  • Gaijatra- the great festival of cows is celebrated on August

Autumn season

The autumn season in Nepal starts from September to November. It is the peak season just like spring season, the most popular trekking trail is also very crowded. Besides this, it is one of the best and popular time to visit and enjoy trekking in Nepal.

During these times, the weather is very pleasant, beautiful and comfortable. But sometimes the temperature gets hots at the elevation of 300 meters. The temperature in the upper hill and the lower mountain ranges from 15. C to 24.C.

Autumn is the best time to go trekking in Nepal because of the clear days and also these seasons afford the incredible snow-capped mountain views from every angle.

During this time, the average temperature in the Everest Base Camp is 15.C and the temperature ranges from 20 degrees Celsius in the sunny day to -10 degrees Celsius at the night at the altitude more than 4000meters.

Being the best time to visit with the pleasant weather and warm condition, many trekking trails are very crowded so while trekking in this time you can expect the prices of everything to be slightly expensive compared while buying in the other season. Most of the Tea house is full, which makes quite challenging to find the room or if you find the room you then you may have to share with your friends. So advance booking of the room will help you a lot while trekking in Nepal during the Autumn season.

Pros of trekking in Autumn Season

  • Weather is pleasant, stable and sunny
  • The day tends to be warmer
  • The trekking trail is filled with greenery and is not dusty anymore
  • Clear views of the blue-sky and breathtaking views of the snow-capped mountain peaks.

Festival and Events during Autumn season

  • Teej-the festival of women is celebrated by the Nepalese women in September
  • Indra Jatra- the great festival of the living goddess is celebrated in the Kathmandu Durbar Square during September
  • Two major festivals of Nepal-Dashain and Tihar is celebrated during September/October
  • In the Everest region-Mani Rimbu, the festival is celebrated during October/November.

Winter season

Winter in Nepal starts from December to February. The days will be shorter and nights tends to be lower, you will see the lots of snow on the trail. So this season is not recommended for trekking at the higher altitude.

The weather during this time is fairly stable and dry, it is quite possible to trek the classic route Everest Base Camp. The average temperature on sunny days starts from 15 degrees Celsius and at the nigh times the temperature ranges from -20 degrees Celsius to -30 degrees Celsius.

The coolness of the weather depends upon how high you want to trek, the weather and temperature during this time is quite unpredictable, it means to keep changing but when you trek in the lower region then the temperature is moderate

The views of the snow-capped mountains are often covered with the snows offer you a great opportunity for the snowy scenery.

Due to the high snow-level, the high passes in the trek is usually getting closed in the high altitude. Also, the people living in the high altitude of the popular trekking trails migrate to the lower altitude in Nepal. So many short treks are a great choice for the winter season. it is believed that winter is the best time to trek the south of the Everest, Solukhumbu area and other shorter trek in the Annapurna region.

However not in the high altitude but it is the best time to explore the beauty of the lower altitude trek in Nepal.

If the extreme cold doesn't bother you and wants to avoid the crowds, wants to trek in the peaceful trail without any disturbance, if you are an extreme adventure lover then trekking during the winter will be fruitful for you. But trekking in the winter requires more planning, many gear, and equipment than any other time.

Trekking in the winter season if you are going for hiking and trekking over the 4000meters, then you are suggested for taking the professional guide cause there is a high possibility of casing the many diseases and hazards. As most of the trail is also lost in the snow.

Pros of trekking in Winter season

  • Winter is quite stable and clear
  • The snow-capped mountain views are perfect.
  • Fewer people on the trail means the best time to enjoy the peaceful trail.
  • Enjoy the special winter discount by the teahouse along the trail.

Festival and Events during the winter season

  • Tamu Loshar- the greate festival celebrates by the Gurung community in Nepal falls in December.
  • Christmas and New Year are celebrated across the nation.
  • The street festival s celebrated in the Pokhara at the end of the year around December 27.
  • Mageshangrati- the greate festival of Hindu is celebrated during the mid-January.

Required permit for Trekking In Nepal

Police Checkpoints during the trekking are numerous and unavoidable and also officers can check your permit at any time and will charge the fine of double the normal cost if you are caught without the proper trekking permits. If you get caught then do not try to bribe officers or police personnel, it might get you in more serious trouble than you think so it is best to purchase the national park entry and TIMS(trekker's Information Management System card) for running your trek smoothly.

TIMS card

TIMS (Trekker's Information Management System (TIMS) card is required for doing several treks in Nepal.

Normally you will see the two types of TIMS cards:

  • Green which means Independent trek cost- RS 2000
  • The blue card refers to the trekkers who are part of the tour with a guide cost-RS 1000

Point to be noticed, the individual TIMS card is only obtained from the Nepal Tourism Boards' office in Kathmandu and Pokhara and from the Trekking Agent Association of Nepal office. You will not get it from the trekking agent as they are not legally authorized to obtain individual TIMS however some trekking agents may offer the individual TIMS. From the information of fetting the TIMS card, you can go site TIMS Nepal and visit there. But while getting the TIMs card make sure to bring all the required insurance documentation, a photocopy of your passport and passport-sized photographs when applying for it.

Tickets while trekking in Annapurna, Khumbu, and Langtang

Trekking in this area only requires the national Park entry ticket (Which price varies per park) so as Khumbu municipality fee. The fess cost around 2000 Nepali Rupees. While trekking in the Everest region the visitors do not need TIMS for Everest Base Camp and so on.

Trekking in restricted areas

Some restricted areas such as Dolpa, Mustang, Manaslu, and Kanchenjunga don't require the TIMS cares only you should have the trekking permits, which can be obtained only through the trekking agents.

Trekking peaks

Thre are around 33 snow- mountain peaks in Nepal which ranges from 5650 to 6500 meters which are classified as the Trekking peaks. The climbing peaks cost around USD 350 for one to four members and an additional USD 40 each for the next four members and USD 25 each for the final four members. To success the peak climbing in Nepal requires a qualified "climbing guide", permit and deposits to cover the camp waste disposal.

Fitness for Trekking in Nepal

There are hundred of the tre­­­­­­­­­k than one can trek in Nepal, from very short day hike around the Kathmandu and Pokhara to the Great Himalayan Trail. Trekking in Nepal, some route is easy and can be done by anybody while the others require the trekkers to complete and also some need the mountaineering experience.

­howere, the trek they chose, all the trekkers visiting Nepal should be at least moderate physical shape. Trekking anywhere in Nepal requires the physically demanding but most of the trek in Nepal would be considered difficult by the other countries because of the ascending and descending as well as high altitude. Being in bad shapes it leads to serious injury or a medical emergency in the case. So it is very best to prepare mentally and physically to enjoy the experience of trekking in Nepal.

The amount of physical preparation depends on the trek that you choose to trek. generally, you should paper more while you plan to trek longer and the higher trek. for example, 15 days, high altitude treks like Everest Base camp trek or Annapurna Circuit trek, for doing these trek one should be getting 4-5 days a week of cardio exercise for at least a month before starting the trek. for the lower altitude trek or the other shorter trek near the Kathmandu and the Pokhara valley, you just should be in good shape to walk for the several hours be enough for the short hiking. For more specific information on the training and Physical preparation, it is very best to consult with your doctor and get more knowledge about it.

Medical Kit while Trekking in Nepal

In the short trek like trekking ara outside the Kathmandu, hike near the valley have the few options for the good care but trekking in the most popular trekking destination in Nepal are fairly remote and lack of good medical facilities and good ones are scarce in this area. So it will be very good for the foreign trekkers to carry your own medical kit with you while trekking or traveling outside the Kathmandu valley. And also a suggestion for trekking in the high altitude don't forget to carry all the necessary medicine and medical kit in the mountains. Many of these can be purchased in Kathmandu and Pokhara.

Travelling and Trekking medical kit in Nepal should be included:

  • Basic First aid things like bandages, sterile cleaners, gauze, tape, etc.
  • Band-aids and blister care
  • Antifungal cream
  • Cold tablets and nasal decongestant
  • Prescription medicines that an individual is taking
  • Paracetamol and aspirin for pain relief.
  • Diamox-especially for the hiking above the 3500meters.
  • You can also bring other medical that you required while trekking in the high altitude.

For the success and beautiful trekking in Nepal you should know many more things, like the best time to visit, difficulty, have good physical and mental fitness, know about the Nepal food and water and many more. So if you plan to trek to Nepal and wants to know more in detail then please mail us: [email protected]

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